Ayurveda is one of the most ancient and continuously practised to date. The history of Ayurveda dates back to 5000 years. The first of the medical systems to be divided into and practised as medical specialties Ayurveda has many specialties and super specialties. Kayachikitsa-General Medicine, Balachikitsa-Pediatrics, Grahachikitsa-Psychiatry, Shalakyatantra-Ophtalmology-ENT, Shalyatantra-Surgery, Damshtrachikitsa-Toxicology, Rasayanachikitsa-Rejuvenation and Vrishachikitsa-Aphrodisiacs are the eight specialties of Ayurveda. Ayurveda is known for its holistic person oriented approach and conservative management of illnesses with bare minimum or no side effects. The treatment principle is based on elimination of the cause and thereby ensuring either a permanent cure or a better sustained prognosis apart from reduction in morbidity.
Ayurveda also has an orientation towards wellness and disease prevention through the detoxification, rejuvenation, and daily routine, seasonal regimen, personal and social conduct. Diet is also a vital component in Ayurveda lifestyle.